Pugs enjoy relatively good health. However, they do experience some health issues like other dog breeds. Here is a rundown of some of the most common pug health problems.
A pug’s skin is highly sensitive to a variety of skin disorders. Most of these are as a result of hormonal imbalance, poor immune system, trauma or parasites. One common pug skin problem is Pyoderma, which is caused by a bacterial infection. This condition is characterized by blood-filled blisters, small red bumps or pus-filled pimples.
The disease usually affects the facial fold lips and between the toes. Fortunately, pyoderma can be prevented by carrying out regular inspections of your pug’s skin folds and keeping it clean and dry always.
Young pugs on the other hand normally suffer from canine acne and bad odor caused by a yeast infection of the skin. Other pug skin problems include:
- Atopy: This is a skin condition where pugs become hypersensitive to specific allergens. It is a seasonal condition where pugs typically suffer from itching and scratching at the affected areas.
- Ringworm: This is a fungal infection of the skin. It is common among pugs with compromised immune systems.
All these pug skin problems can be effectively treated but only with the right approach and medication.
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Pugs have a very narrow and short nasal cavity as a result of their stubbed snouts, and this makes them more susceptible to various breathing difficulties once in a while. Because of their short snouts, fluids and debris can get stuck more easily necessitating a reverse sneeze.
One common disease that causes breathing difficulties is Stenotic Nares. This is essentially a birth defect that is associated with nasal soft tissues. Every time your pug takes a breath, the tissue collapses causing breathing problems.
Another common pug health problem centers mainly around an elongated soft palate. The condition occurs when a much too large soft palate overlaps the airway passage thereby reducing the normal airway passage. This causes your pug to cough and have problems with breathing.
Collapsed trachea is also common among most pugs. It is a birth defect where the cartilage rings in the pugs windpipe collapses. If your pug suffers from this condition, it should be monitored extra closely to ensure a speedy recovery. Be on the lookout for opportunistic problems that range from trauma in the chest to sneezes.
It is always important to keep vigil on the way your pug breathes most especially during those hot summer days.
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A pug’s eyes are prone to injury and infection because of their bulging anatomy. They are susceptible to entropion, a genetic condition where the eyelashes grow inward scratching the eye. If you fail to take your pug to the vet to be treated, it could have difficulty seeing and in some cases, blindness can occur.
The second condition likely to affect the eyes of your lovely pet is corneal ulcers due to the degree of protrusion of their eyes. Cloudy eyes, visible scratches, and squinting eyes are some of the symptoms associated with corneal ulcers. If left untreated, it can also lead to vision problems.
Another common and serious eye problem affecting pugs is dry eyes. Also known as Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), it is usually caused by blocked tear ducts or insufficient tear production to keep the eye moist and lubricated.
Symptoms include red, painful eyes with some thick, yellowish discharge, repeated and excessive blinking or winking and recurrent eye infections. Bacterial infection can also result because of dry eyes due to lack of enough tears to flush dirt and bacteria from the eye.
Other eye problems include:
- Cataracts – this problem give the eye a milky appearance, and if untreated it can lead to blindness.
- Distichiasis – where some eyelashes grow inwards towards the pug’s eye causing ulcers, irritation, and other problems.
- Exposure keratopathy syndrome – this is a hereditary condition that causes a visible line of pigmentation across the middle of the eye.
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Pugs have curled tails and as a pug lover it is important to be aware of the problems that come with this precious Q curl. Normally, the folded up part tends to hold in moisture, and this creates the perfect environment for fleas to thrive.
And because it is virtually impossible for the pug to reach its tail with the mouth to catch and gnaw aggravating fleas, the tiny nagging insects tend to take advantage of this, and so they breed and feast even more down there. Finally, the pug may get frustrated and end up chasing his tail only to spin in circles and fall over side way trying to catch it and bite it. In the end, this might cause tail injuries (due to falling off), irritation, and even allergies.
Be on the lookout for any signs of reddening at the base of the pug’s tail. Any evidence of blood, irritation, physical injuries or little specks of dirt (normally these are flea droppings) should be treated as a red flag of a pug experiencing serious tail problems.
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Pug Dog Encephalitis
This medical problems is a devastating and fatal inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Technically known as necrotizing meningoencephalitis (NME), the condition is also common in other dog breeds and is depicted by dying brain cells.
Encephalitis affects young to middle-aged pugs. Symptoms include seizures (main), blindness, stiff neck lethargy, loss of muscle coordination (staggering gait), wandering in circles and listlessness. These symptoms typically appear at 9 to 18 months old, but can occur much later in life or even earlier.
Additionally, signs of this disorder can happen very rapidly or progress slowly. Little is known about the cause of this disorder, and there is no known cure. However, encephalitis can be managed day to day by using medication to control the seizures.
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Like any dog breed, your pug could potentially suffer from various other health issues, it is therefore very important to always keep an eye on them and train yourself to detect any changes in behavior when something is out of the ordinary. This is because all these pug health problems can easily be avoided or even fixed if you’re well prepared. To do this, you will need to have a good relationship with your pet and build trust.