Pugs are perfect apartment dogs since they do not require a great deal of exercise. They are clowns at heart, notorious for their silly antics, though they still manage to retain a sense of dignity. However, if you are considering adding a pug to your family, it is important to understand the downsides of pug ownership. Pug medical problems are a significant factor to consider in owning a pug dog.
Due to their unique features, pugs are genetically prone to a broad range of severe medical problems. Improper breeding in previous years has also triggered other genetic problems to be worried about. In this regard, the breeder selection is a vital choice when choosing where to buy your pug puppy. It is better to spend the extra money and buy from a highly regarded breeder, as this is an investment in your future peace of mind.
Pug medical problems come in both internal and external form. Most of them are typically related to Pug’s face, eyes and legs, although other problems may exist. Here are some of the common Pug health problems.
Pug Dog Encephalitis
Pug dog encephalitis is pug medical problem that is being researched as it appears to be associated with genetics. It is an inflammatory brain disease which affects Pugs of either sex.
This disease is critical and incurable and it manifests in the form of persistent seizures in pugs that are younger than 1 year or older than 5 years. Unfortunately, no one knows how to prevent PDE since very little is known about the disease. If it is revealed that PDE is a hereditary disease, then the only prevention will be to breed parents who are not carriers of this disease.
Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry Eye Syndrome is a rather common and prospectively blinding condition that develops as a result of the reduction of tear production in the eyes of the pug. Early identification along with treatment is very important to prevent the damage of the cornea. A primary sign the pug has this condition is the buildup of mucous in the eyes.
The pug may then start running into things as he cannot see very clearly. At this point, you may need to clear the glop from his eyes, but once the eyes are cleared they become dry with a lot of redness. This medical condition cannot improve if left untreated so you should take your Pug to the vet. Treatment mainly consists of surgery and drug therapy.
Hip Dysplasia, and other disorders affecting the hip area, is a common medical problem in Pugs. This frequently crippling medical problem is more evident in large pugs that in small ones. Generally, hip dysplasia is an improper fit between the two hip joint bones. This genetic disease causes tautness in the hip bones, and in worst cases, it can cause considerable pain and even loss of mobility. It generally can be diagnosed at puppy stage, by the time the pug is two months old.
Although genetics play a major role in the development of hip dysplasia, other factors, like diet and exercise, can also add to badly formed hips. It is important to take measures to prevent hip dysplasia in pugs. Use healthy feeding practices to prevent the pug from being overweight and ensure the pug receives plenty of exercise.
Stenotic Nares is an inherited defect in Pugs where the nostrils are exceedingly small leading to breathing difficulties and reduced airflow. This condition strains the Pug’s entire body and may even result in swelling of the heart, chronic bronchitis and tracheal collapse. This medical problem can be corrected through surgery, where the veterinarian removes a fraction of the nasal cartilage in order to expand the nasal openings.
A portosystemic shunt, PSS, is a Pug medical problem where an abnormal vein allows the blood to bypass the liver. As a result, the blood is not filtered and cleansed, consequently leading to neurological diseases. Pugs with shunts have large kidneys, small liver and stones in their bladder or kidneys. Portosystemic Shunt is likely to develop in female pugs more than in male pugs.
Pugs can present some or none of the above medical issues. Some problems are preventable while some are not. If you select your pug breed carefully, sustain his health with proper diet and adequate exercise, you can either prevent or simply manage any pug medical problems and ensure a good quality of life for your good buddy.