Pug skin problems are one of the biggest issues pugs have to deal. Often this is due to their skin folds which create an environment where fungi and bacteria can grow. However, your pug's skin problem can also be an indication of food issues. If they are suffering from any kind of skin condition, big or small, it is important to find the cause and fix it. Not only will this ease their symptoms, but it will prevent the root issue from getting worse and causing more problems down the road.
Ringworm is a fungal infection that commonly manifests as a ring-shaped lesion. It looks like a patchy and crusted bald spot. Normally, healthy adult pugs will not get ringworm. But, if your pug has a low immune system then it has a good chance of getting ringworm.
The fungus can be picked up from a variety of places such as the park or in the soil. Because the fungus does well in warm and moist areas, the folds on a pug's skin offer it the perfect breeding ground. Once on the skin it can multiply and spread out.
It is important to know that you can catch ringworm from your pug. Ensure you take precautions for yourself when you come into contact with your pug such as keeping your skin clean and dry. You should also sanitize all of their toys, beds and other things they come into contact with to ensure the fungus doesn't spread.
Because treatment depends on the severity of the ringworm, a veterinarian visit should be scheduled to determine how bad the infection is.
Allergies can occur from the environment, insect bites and certain foods. Allergies are very common in sensitive little pugs.
Some pugs are allergic to pollens, which can easily cause skin problems during the spring time. Signs of allergies will be a lot of scratching and biting. Your pug may create little bald patches from the constant scratching. Medication may be needed for this type of allergy since limiting exposure is very hard.
Many pugs are allergic to fleas, and when they get bit, they have a huge reaction on their skin. There are products on the market to protect your pug from fleas.
A food allergy is very common among pugs, and it is usually an allergy to the meat source or grain in their food.
Often switching the diet to a meat source that is not used as often (such as lamb) and eliminating grains from the diet completely is the answer to allergies; however, other nutritional factors such as fat content or lack of nutrients can cause skin issues as well, so it is important to serve high-quality food that has only a few ingredients. Then, food can be added back into the diet to determine what food the pug is allergic to.
Demodectic mange is another common issue with pugs. It is a result of the Demodex Canis mite. While many dogs are immune to mites, pugs with a low immune system can easily develop demodex mange. A weak immune system can be a result of many factors, including genetic and old age, but it could also be a sign of a more serious issue such as cancer.
In the case of mange, lesions can be all over the body or just in small area. Hair will be missing, inflammation will occur, cracks that open and ooze can appear, and a pug's appetite may become affected in a negative way.
It is important to take your pug into your veterinarian to have a skin scraping sample examined under a microscope. Doing this will reveal whether there are mites and lesions occurring, and help determine a course of action to treat the mange including shaving all hair off from infected areas, bathing with special shampoo, and applying a solution that kills mites. Your vet can also determine if your pug's immune system is low, and why.
The above three issues can occur in all dogs, but it they are very common as pug skin problems. Often, food allergies are the cause of skin issues; however, pugs can easily develop skin issues from the environment, insect bites, low immune system, and fungus infections.